Surat Rail Metro Project, Gujarat, India

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The Surat Metro Rail Project is implemented by the Gujarat Metro Rail Corporation (GMRC). Credit: TERRATEC Ltd.

The Surat Metro rail is expected to be completed in December 2023. Credit: Kinker Tiwari/Shutterstock.com.

TERRATEC was commissioned to supply tunnel boring machines (TBM) for the Surat metro. Credit: TERRATEC Ltd.

Surat Metro is a rapid transit system (MRTS) being built in the state of Gujarat, India.

The Government of India approved the Surat Metro project in March 2019. Gujarat Metro Rail Corporation (GMRC), a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) jointly owned by the Governments of India and Gujarat, is responsible for the implementation project work.

Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was engaged to prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the first phase of Surat Metro in January 2016. It then reviewed and revised the DPR to incorporate new provisions, in line with the new Government of India Metro Policy 2017.

The foundation stone for the new metro project was laid in January 2021 and completion is scheduled for December 2023.

The project is expected to involve an investment of Rs 120.2 billion ($1.71 billion).

Surat Metro Line Routes and Stations

The 40.35 km first phase of Surat Metro will consist of 38 stations spread over two corridors. The plan includes 32 aerial stations and six underground stations.

The first corridor is expected to be 21.61 km long, comprising an elevated section of 15.14 km and an underground section of 6.47 km. It will run from Sarthana to Dream City, while the 18.74 km long fully-elevated second corridor will run from Bhesan to Saroli.

The first corridor will have 20 metro stations, connecting Sarthana, Nature Park, Kapodra, Labheshwar chowk area, Central Warehouse, Surat Station, Maskati Hospital, Gandhi Baug, Majura Gate, Roopali Canal and Dream City.

Bhesan, Ugat Vaarigruh, Palanpur Road, LP Savani School, Adajan Gam, Aquarium, Majuragate, Kamela Darwaza, Magob and Saroli stations will be connected through the second corridor. Majura Gate station will serve as an interchange for the two corridors.

The planned corridors will have a multimodal integration of the rail metro with other modes of transport, including feeder buses, intermediate public transport (IPT) and non-motorized transport (NMT). The corridors will connect the most congested, important and densely populated areas of the city.

Surat Metro Maintenance Facilities

The first phase will include two maintenance depots, one in each corridor, at Dream City and Bhesan. Solar equipment will be installed in the depots to exploit solar energy.

Benefits of the Surat Metro Rail Project

The Surat Metro project aims to provide a reliable and safer public transport system that will solve traffic congestion issues and reduce delays on major travel corridors in Surat.

The integrated mass transit system is expected to reduce accidents and pollution while decreasing energy consumption. It should offset 40,000 t of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.

Surat Metro Infrastructure

Surat Metro will have a standard gauge track of 1,435mm for both corridors, which will support operations at a maximum speed of 80 km/h and a design speed of 90 km/h.

The ticketing system will feature an automatic fare collection system comprising a computerized contactless smart token for a single journey and contactless smart cards for multiple journeys along the route.

It will feature an integrated telecommunications system including fiber optic cable, railway radio, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system and public address system.

The signaling system will include automatic continuous train control (CATC), with cab signaling and automatic train operation (ATO). Automatic train supervision equipment will be installed to enhance operational safety.

Surat Metro Rolling Stock

Train sets with stainless steel bodies are being considered for the metro project, according to the Detailed Project Report (DPR). The preferred configuration is that of three-car trains, and each train should have a carrying capacity of approximately 764 passengers, comprising 136 seated passengers and 628 standing passengers.

Trains will be equipped with train-based monitoring and control systems, such as Train Control and Management System (TCMS) or Integrated Train Management System (TIMS).

The maximum operating speed of the trains is 80 km/h.

Surat Metro Funding

The project will be funded primarily with equity from the Governments of India and the State of Gujarat on a 50/50 basis. Part of the funding will be provided by loans from bilateral/multilateral agencies.

The federal government signed a loan agreement, worth 442.26 million euros ($500.13 million), with the development bank Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KFW) for the project, in December 2021.

A loan agreement worth €250 million ($303.16 million) has been signed between the Government of India and the French Development Agency, Agence Française de Développement (AFD), for the project subway in January 2021.

Contractors involved

A consortium consisting of Ardanuy Ingenieria and Rail India Technical and Economic Service (RITES) has been appointed to provide detailed design consultancy services for the power supply and distribution system, traction electrification of the third 750 V DC rail and the SCADA system, in 2020.

A consortium of RITES and Rina Consulting has been engaged to provide consultancy services for the development of a multimodal integration plan for the two corridors, in 2020.

RITES also prepared the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Social Impact Assessment (SIA) documents for the first phase of Surat Msetro.

Rina Consulting also won the tender for the contract for the provision of detailed design consultancy services for the environmental simulation studies and the tunnel ventilation system (TVS) of the underground section of the first phase, in 2021.

In August 2021, SYSTRA Group, in partnership with joint venture (JV) partners EGIS Rail and AECOM, was awarded a contract to perform DPR review and design review, as well as procurement support and construction supervision for civil and system works.

Additionally, the contractual scope covers system integration, project management and other services such as safety and quality inspection, testing and commissioning. SYSTRA is the leader of the JV.

J Kumar Infraprojects, a civil engineering firm, won the lot for the construction of the underground section between Surat Railway Station and the Chowk Bazar ramp.

The contractual scope includes the design, construction and completion of the underground stations and the tunnel. A double-bore underground tunnel is being installed and the complex includes three metro stations, namely Chowk Bazar, Maskati Hospital and Surat Railway Station.

A joint venture between Sadbhav Engineering and SP Singla Constructions has been awarded a contract to construct an 11.6 km long elevated viaduct between Kadarsha Ni Nal and Dream City, including a depot access ramp near Dream City and ten resorts.

Gulermak-SAM India Builtwell JV has been contracted for the design, construction and completion of underground stations and tunnels between Kapodra Ramp and Surat Railway Station.

ITD Cementation India, a construction company, has won a tender for the development and construction of Dream City Depot, Metro Bhavan Building and Operations Control Center (OCC), in June 2021.

TERRATEC, an Australia-based designer and manufacturer of tunnel boring machines (TBM), has been contracted to supply earth pressure tunnel boring machines for the first phase of the Surat Metro rail project.

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